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Tree tips for paddocks and pastures

Deric Newman is general manager at Glendale Civic Trees.

In addition to enhancing the appearance of landscapes, trees provide a number of benefits to horses, as long as the correct species are selected, planted and effectively maintained.

Key benefits

Primarily trees are used to provide shelter – from the sun in the summer months, and cold, wind and rain in the winter.  When leaves are shed in autumn, it results in improvements to the soil fertility of the pasture, leading to a better nutrient uptake for horses.  Tree roots also reduce erosion, maintain water clarity and absorb nitrates from manure. 

Placement

In paddocks, the best place to plant trees is in the corner or just outside the perimeter of the area, as this makes it easier to fence them off from horses.

Positioning trees so they provide the maximum amount of shade during the hottest points of the day is important while making use of semi-mature specimens ensures trees are tall enough to provide shading straight away.  It’s for this reason Civic Trees was commissioned to deliver a planting project between the paddocks at a private polo club in Berkshire, planting semi-mature Fastigiate Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus Fastigiata) to shelter the horses.

Species selection

Here are Civic Trees’ top five recommended species for planting around horses:

  • Acer campestre (Field Maple) and cultivars
  • Carpinus (Hornbeam) and varieties
  • Fagus (Beech) and varieties
  • Liriodendron tulipifera (Tulip tree)
  • Tilia (Lime) and varieties

There are some trees which should be avoided because they contain toxins with the potential to poison horses.  These include Sycamores, Red Maples and acorn-bearing Oaks, amongst others.  

There are also certain local factors which can determine the best tree species to use on a particular site.  A visit from one of our experts can provide further guidance.

Civic Trees specialises in planting large, semi-mature specimens (typically over 4m tall) which are already formed and shaped, leading to their development as fine trees at maturity with no technical pruning required.  Their size also means they have a greater visual impact on the landscape and are more ‘horse-proof’ than smaller, younger specimens.

Further considerations

When undertaking planting projects it’s imperative that guards, guying techniques and stabilising structures are safe for use around horses, which is why Civic Trees uses a bespoke, underground guying system, meaning there are no potential hazards surrounding the tree.  As with all planting projects, adequate aftercare programmes are essential to ensure newly planted trees can thrive, including watering pruning and feeding.

To find out more about tree planting click here or contact the team.


Plant trees now to reduce HS2 impact, says green expert

A green spaces expert is calling upon landowners to plant trees in order to lessen the environmental impact of the new High Speed Two (HS2) rail network.

Deric Newman, general manager of national tree supply, planting and relocation specialist, Glendale Civic Trees, says its imperative that planting projects begin as soon as possible along the affected routes in order to provide the most benefits.

Hundreds of green spaces across the country are at risk of damage as part of the creation of the new high-speed railway network, which has been designed to create better connections between cities and cut journey times.

Preliminary works are underway on phase one of the £56bn project, which will see high-speed trains running between London and Birmingham when completed in 2026.  The second phase will run between Crewe and Manchester, and West Midlands and Leeds, and is expected to complete in 2032.

Deric says that trees are extremely effective in providing a visual barrier to related construction work while helping to reduce noise pollution by absorbing sound. 

“HS2 is happening, so we need to protect what we can now, and mitigate the overall impact wherever possible,” he said. 

“Trees, specifically large ones, require a number of years to grow and establish.  It’s crucial that they are planted at the largest possible size now, not only to have the best effects once the railway becomes active but also to reduce the impact of the construction phase.

“We know that trees have a number of benefits, from producing oxygen and acting as carbon sinks to creating aesthetically pleasing landscapes, as well as helping to prevent flood damage and providing habitats for wildlife.

“Where HS2 is concerned, large trees, especially evergreen species can create very effective screens, and when planted in substantial numbers can reduce noise pollution.

“The key is to begin planning and delivering planting projects in good time, ensuring the correct and most suitable species have been sourced, as there is a finite number available.”


Tree of the Month – September 2017

This month, our tree specialists at Glendale Civic Trees recommend Liriodendron tulipifera for its eye-catching floral displays in the summer months and arresting autumn colour.

Where does it grow?

Liriodendron tulipifera, or Tulip tree, is native to eastern regions of North America.

Why is it cultivated?

The tree is highly valued for its timber in its native America because it is fast-growing and typically has no limbs below 100 feet from ground level when the tree reaches full height. 

The wood is also easy to work with, and can be cut smoothly and precisely, making it very popular for making musical instruments, such as organs.

What conditions does it prefer?

Tulip trees prefer lime-free soil that is moist but well-drained.

What does it look like up close?

Liriodendron tulipifera is a large, deciduous tree with unusually shaped, glossy leaves that turn a soft-yellow colour with the advent of autumn.  Its bark is brown and furrowed, juxtaposed against the leaves that catch the light, lending them a vibrant green hue. 

Any distinctive features?

The tree’s most distinctive feature is its numerous flowers whose shape lend the tree it’s name.  The flowers are yellow-green with bright orange centres, and stand upright facing the sky.  They grow up to four centimetres tall. 

The flowers are abundant sources of nectar and produce a strong honey that is popular with bakers in the United States.

Interesting facts:
  • Liriodendron tulipifera is the state tree of Kentucky, Tennessee and Indiana.
  • The apex of tulip tree leaves are blunt as though they’ve been cut off at the end.
  • The wood of Liriodendron tulipifera was traditionally used by the Native Americans and earlier settlers to make canoes.
  • The sapwood of Liriodendron tulipifera is usually a creamy-white colour, lending the tree one of it’s many nicknames, whitewood.
Our recommendations:

Deric Newman, sales manager at Glendale Civic Trees, says: “Liriodendron tulipifera is best grown as a feature tree in a fairly sunny spot.  It’s a relatively fast growing species, and are generally low maintenance with stunning flowers in the summer (from about 20+ years-old) and a good autumn colour, making them ideal all year round. 

Liriodendron tulipifera is also quite tolerant of pollutants, making it an ideal tree for urban planting project where space permits, and it is a beautiful addition to a parkland.” 

To find out more about the tree of the month and if it will work well in your project contact our team: 0208 950 4491 or info@civictrees.co.uk.

If you enjoyed this why not try our Tree of the Month recommendation for August.


Tree of the Month – August 2017

This month, our tree specialists at Glendale Civic Trees recommend the common myrtle for its abundance of charming summer flowers.

Where does it grow?

Common myrtle, or Myrtus communis, is part of the Myrtaceae family which also includes Eucalyptus and Guava.  It is native to the Mediterranean and as a result flowers best after a long, hot summer.  

Why is it cultivated?

Aside from being a lively and colourful addition to a garden or landscaping project, the leaves can also be dried for use in potpourris or used to flavour pork or game dishes.  

What conditions does it prefer?

Myrtus communis grows best in moist but well-drained soil in full sunlight, protected from cool winds and heavy rain.  

What does it look like up close?

The common Myrtle is an aromatic, evergreen shrub.  It has small, glossy emerald-green leaves that are bay-leaf like in shape and give off a fragrant aroma.  The luminescent foliage is offset by ginger-coloured bark and an abundance of sweet-scented flowers in the late summer months.  The flowers are followed by small, purple-black berries that are very popular with birds.

Any distinctive features?

The most distinctive feature of Myrtus communis is it’s fragrant, fluffy, white flowers.  Although small, they are festooned with gold-tipped stamens that gleam in the sunlight making them popular in bridal bouquets.  In fact, the elegant shrub has had a long association with love and is the sacred herb of Aphrodite the Greek goddess of love.  

Interesting Facts:

  • Common Myrtle was traditionally used for medicinal purposes due to its antiseptic properties and is still used by aromatherapy practitioners as an essential oil for treating skin and respiratory  complaints
  • The tree has received the prestigious AGM (Award of Garden Merit) from the Royal Horticultural Society

Our recommendations:

Deric Newman, sales manager at Civic Trees, says: ”Myrtus communis is an asset to any garden all year round and makes a great addition to a sunny border.  It is a handsome backdrop for other flowering plants complementing both informal Mediterranean themed beds and sensory habitats, alongside other fragrant specimens like Lavandula x intermedia ‘Grosso’ or Rosmarinus officinalis ‘Severn Sea’.

“The tree is ideal for landscaping projects utilising the current trend of gardening for wildlife, as the flowers and berries are a source of natural food for birds.  As it is a Mediterranean specimen it is advisable to situate it beside a warm wall to encourage it to flourish, and protect it from frost damage.  It does particularly well in a mild, sunny seaside climate.”

To find out more about the tree of the month and if it will work well in your project contact our team: 0208 950 4491 or info@civictrees.co.uk.

If you enjoyed this why not try our Tree of the Month recommendation for July.


Tree of the Month – July 2017

This month, our tree specialists at Glendale Civic Trees recommend Cornus kousa for its year-round aesthetic characteristics.

Where does it grow?

Commonly known as Kousa dogwood, Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree belonging to the Cornaceae family.  It originates from East Asia. 

In 1875, the first scientific observations of the Kousa dogwood were recorded in the united states.  With its year-round visual appeal, this tree is the perfect choice for home landscapes and urban areas. 

Why is it cultivated?

The Cornus kousa is cultivated as an ornamental tree, ideal for use in oriental-inspired landscapes and gardens.

What conditions does it prefer?

Cornus kousa favours full sunlight to partial shade, with an average moisture, clay-type soil.  It is not known to withstand drought temperatures, so it is recommended that the soil is kept moist throughout the summer months with an irrigation system. 

What does it look like up close? 

Cornus kousa has a slow-to-medium growth rate, and does not usually exceed a height of six-metres.  In summer, the tree is adorned with what appear to be four-petal cream flowers, but in actuality they are bracts positioned in front of the tree’s normal, green-yellow foliage. The delicate bracts last for several weeks, and are pollinated by insects.  Entering the autumn months, the foliage becomes a showy red-colour, perfectly complimenting a late-year sunset.

The tree also has globular, strawberry-like fruits all year round, which ripen between August and October.  When ripe, in mid-summer, they turn a scarlet-red and develop their full flavour and sweetness. 

Any distinctive features?

The most distinctive feature of the Kousa dogwood is its upright shape that gradually broadens with age, taking on an umbrella-like aspect, making it a popular choice as an ornamental tree.  As it becomes older, the bark of the Cornus kousa develops a mottled character, revealing a varied mix of grey and mahogany-brown tones. 

Interesting facts:

  • The flowers on the Cornus kousa are actually bracts, a modified leaf like those seen on poinsettia, below a cluster of yellow-green flowers
  • The fruit on the Kousa dogwood is edible and can be used to make wine
  • The bark can take on a camouflage pattern

Our recommendations:

Deric Newman, sales manager at Civic Trees, comments: “Cornus kousa is an elegant tree, ideal as a specimen tree in a large garden or arboretum.  However, it also works well as part of a colourful border, or against a backdrop of deciduous woodland. 

“However, we’d recommend that the tree is situated in full-sun where possible, or tucked up against a warm wall to give it enough heat during the summer months for the wood to ripen and take on its colour-change qualities.” 

To find out more about the tree of the month and if it will work well in your project contact our team: 0208 950 4491 or info@civictrees.co.uk.

If you enjoyed this why not try our Tree of the Month recommendation for June.


Tree of the month – June 2017

This month, our tree specialists at Glendale Civic Trees recommend Fagus sylvatica Purpurea Tricolour (also know as Fagus sylvatica Roseomarginata) for its wide colour spectrum through the seasons.

Where does it grow?

Fagus sylvatica Purpurea Tricolor, commonly known as European beech, is a deciduous tree part of the Fagaceae family. Originating from Central Europe to Caucasus in the late 1880’s, the European beech has long been a garden favourite in a variety of destinations.

What conditions does it prefer?

The European Beech is best grown in damp, well-drained, rich loam soil, making woodlands and residential gardens the perfect habitats for these magnificent cultivars. However the tree is sensitive to sunlight, and therefore likes to be positioned in partial shade, as the foliage may scorch in too much sun.

What does it look like up close?

It can be difficult to get a precise interpretation of this tree as it’s rarely seen, however if you do see one, you will not forget it in a hurry. The leaves come in a variety of shades according to the seasons. In spring through to autumn, the foliage turns various glossy shades of pink, green and white; becoming a copper/bronze shade in autumn, making this a great focal point for any landscape.

Does it have any distinctive features?

The most distinct characteristic of the European beech is its variegated foliage. The name ‘tricolor’ comes from the three varied colours on the leaves, which then become an glorious copper shade in the latter part of the year.

Another distinctive characteristic of the European beech is its attractive bark. The trunk has smooth silver bark which adds a significant winter interest and stands out compared to the amongst the ordinary brown coloured bark of surrounding trees.

Interesting facts:

  • The beechnuts that grow on the tree are mildly toxic so avoid eating them!
  • The leaves have three shades: green, pink and white, which gradually turn to copper in the autumn months
  • It’s one of the smallest beech trees, typically reaching only 5-10 metres a maturity

Our recommendations:

Chris Mills, general manager at Civic Trees, said: “This is an extremely attractive cultivar with striking, varigated purple leaves, making it ideal as a specimen tree in a medium to large-sized garden.  

“It’s worth bearing in mind that, although slow growing,  Fagus sylvatica Purpurea Tricolour has the potential to reach an ultimate height of 18-metres and has a broadly round and slightly sweeping habit so it can take up a bit of space.  Also, due to its fibrous root system, other plants will not grow well under the tree, so it’s important to take this into account when considering where the tree will feature in your landscape.”

To find out more about the tree of the month and if it will work well in your project contact our team: 0208 950 4491 or info@civictrees.co.uk.

If you enjoyed this why not try our Tree of the Month recommendation for May.


The importance of trees for British bats

Trees and woodland habitats play a significant role in the life cycle of bats.  Firstly, they provide roosting opportunities as the splits and cracks in the bark provide a perfect hibernation habitat.  

Secondly, trees are imperative for feeding.  Broad leaf trees are an excellent source for foraging as they house a variety of insects – a bat’s number one choice of food.  

Finally, trees provide shelter and protection for bats enabling them to fly from their roosting site to foraging grounds in safety. 

We caught up with our landscape supervisor, James Shipman, who has seven years of experience working with bats, to further discuss the importance of trees for these winged animals.

How long have you worked for Glendale Civic Trees and what is your current role?

Nearly two years and I’m a landscape supervisor.

 

Tell us a bit about your current role and what you do on a day-to-day basis:

My main role as landscape supervisor is to implement and oversee all of the landscaping jobs we have.  When the landscaping jobs are quieter, I jump onto coordinating any of the tree planting jobs or client meetings that are going on in order to support the rest of the team. 

What is your favourite part of the job?

I absolutely love my job.  I particularly enjoy the more difficult or challenging aspects.  Anything that needs careful thinking or planning, with any pressure or time constraints is something most people dislike, but I find exciting.  I like to spend that little bit of extra time on a job to get it finished.  It’s a good feeling when I get home and I know it’s been a productive day!  I like to put my hand to anything necessary, especially any new challenges.

How long have you been involved in bat conservation?

I started volunteering with bats in 2010, so seven years, which isn’t as long as some of the volunteers I work with but it’s been an amazing experience. 

In your time working with bats, what have you achieved?

During my time working with bats I’ve been involved with a lot of exciting research projects, not just in the UK, but also across Europe.  In 2013, I co-founded the Gibraltar bat project, Gib-Bats, and over the years the project has gone from strength to strength.  

In 2016 I received the UK Pete Guest Award at the National Bat Conference for an outstanding contribution to bat conservation, which was an honour.  

My soul aim each year is to inspire others to gain interest in bats.  Everything I do as a volunteer I do for conservation and not for myself.  I’m just very lucky that I’m enjoying myself too! 

How do you apply your interest and experience in bat conservation to your work with Glendale Civic Trees?

I’ve been able to work with outher managers and teams within Glendale to ensure maintenance contracts are secured where a licensed bat worker is needed on site.  There have also been occasions when some of our arboricultural teams have needed advice on bats. 

Where did your interest in bats come from and what is it about them that you find so fascinating?

I studied Zoology at university with the intention of working out in South Africa.  However, due to the country’s decline, I decided to stay on in the UK and continue my interest with animals here.  I stumbled across the local bat group and it went from there. 

I would say the most fascinating thing about bats for me is that we’ll never know everything about them.  They’ll always hold onto some secrets that not even scientists will be able to reveal. 

Do you have a favourite species of bat, if so, what is it and why?

My favourite species of bat is the greater mouse-eared bat (Myotis myotis).  This species is mainly found in Europe, but we do have one individual that comes across to the UK to hibernate each year. 

What is it about trees that make them so important for bats?

The most important things about trees are that they’re a natural roosting habitat for bats and a key source of food.  Before bat boxes and manmade features, bats utilised natural environments like trees, caves or ivy, because they provide the perfect humid and damp conditions they like to reside in.

Are there any tree types in particular that attract bats more than others?

Usually veteran or ancient trees with lots of cavities are best.  Quercus robur commonly house bats in crevices, lifted bark and woodpecker holes.  Frost cracks and hazard beams are also popular for some species.  

Overall, any tree that has a small gap or crevice is a possible roosting site.  Even young Betula pendula saplings have been found to house bats.  There’s actually a study named the “Bat Tree Habitat Key” that explores how many tree species are used by bats.  

Do you think it would be possible to move a tree with a bat roost inside?

I’m not sure if it’s been done in the UK before, but I think it’d be worth looking into if the situation arose.  The majority of trees are receptive to transplanting, but the question would be whether the bats would relocate with the tree.  We’d also need to take into account the legislation in place that protects bats and their roosts in the UK, such as the Wildlife and Countryside Act (1981) and the Countryside and Rights of Way Act (2000), to ensure that we were able to relocate the species with the tree safely, or if we’d need to re-house the bats seperately. 

What would you say to anyone who has an interest in bats?  What can they do to develop this interest further?

The best thing to do is to contact your local bat group or the Bat Convservation Trust and get involved. 

Can you tell us an interesting fact about bats?

Yes, did you know a Pipistrelle bat can eat over 3,000 mosquitos over a whole night?

Finally James, what do you enjoy doing in your spare time?

Well if I’m not researching bats then you can find me on the rugby pitch or spending time with my family and friends.


Tree of the month – May 2017

This month, our tree specialists at Glendale Civic Trees recommend Crataegus monogyna.  Nicknamed May Blossom for it’s eye catching spring blooms, this tree is thought to herald the start of spring.

Where does it grow?

Crataegus monogyna, or common Hawthorn, is native to the UK and it is a familiar feature in hedgerows and woodlands around the country.   

Why is is cultivated?

Hawthorn is commonly planted as a hedge or agricultural barrier. The tree’s spiny and closely compacted structure make it ideal for fencing in livestock and it is one of the most common species utilised in traditional hedge-laying techniques.  This is where the stem of the tree is cut almost through near the base and pulled down parallel with the ground to encourage new vertical growth.  

The timber of Crataegus monogyna is very hard with an attractive creamy brown colour and a fine grain making it suitable for a variety of wood products such as tool handles and cabinets.  It also makes very good firewood.    

Traditionally however, Crataegus monogyna was cultivated for its use in herbalism and medicine, particularly for treating cardiovascular related illnesses.

What conditions does it prefer?

As a native to the UK, Hawthorn will grow in almost any aspect and in any soil type that is moist but well drained, however the best flowers are produced when the tree is exposed to full sun.  

What does it look like up close?

Crataegus monogyna is a round, deciduous tree with glossy foliage and small creamy flowers.  In the autumn the flowers are replaced with clusters of dark red berries.

The leaves are deeply lobed, and it has dense, bushy branches with sharp thorns making it a safe place for birds to make their homes away from predators.  The bark is dark grey/brown in colour, and in older trees the surface can become marred with knots and fissures.  

Any distinctive features?
The tree is popular for its abundance of delicate white flowers that, grow in a ‘corymb’ structure and bloom in May. Each flower has five white petals with vivid red stamens in the centre, and they are heavily scented.    

Our recommendations

Deric Newman, sales manager at Civic Trees, says: “Due to the abundance of wildlife it supports, Hawthorn is a fantastic choice in wildlife gardens. It’s berries, or ‘haws’, in particular are a vital source of food for birds, insects and other wildlife during the autumn months and can also be made into jams and jellies.

“The species has been used for years as a way to ‘stock-proof’ agricultural sites.  It’s hardy nature and naturally dense structure make it well suited to this purpose.  I’d highly recommended the species if you’re looking for an instant hedge or screening tree.  However, it’s important to note that Crataegus monogyna is quite fast growing so will require regular trimming to keep in under control.   

“Their striking features mean they also work well as stand-alone features in large open spaces and will eventually grow to between eight and 15 metres tall.  They were once used as boundary-markers in the open landscape by Anglo-Saxons due to their conspicuous nature.”

To find out more about the tree of the month and if it will work well in your project contact our team: 0208 950 4491 or info@civictrees.co.uk.

If you enjoyed this why not try our Tree of the Month recommendation for April.


Tree of the Month – April 2017

This month, our tree specialists at Glendale Civic Trees recommend the world’s tallest tree, Sequoia sempervirens.

Where does it grow?

Sequoia sempervirens, commonly known as the coastal redwood, is found on the west coast of the United States, close to the Pacific Ocean.  A member of the cypress family, the largest remaining populations of this rare tree are located in the coastal areas of California at Jedediah Smith Redwood State Park, Redwood National Park and Humboldt Redwoods State Park.  This area is particularly wet and prone to fog, which are the perfect conditions to support these giants.  

Why is is cultivated?

Sequoia sempervirens has been used extensively within the construction industry since the 1850s due to its straight trunk and excellent quality wood.  However, in recognition of its endangered status, many of the remaining ‘old-growth’ forests are now protected from logging in order to preserve the species for future generations.  Conservation charities are campaigning for more sustainable forestry methods to be adopted in redwood forests that are still subject to clearcutting techniques.  

What conditions does it prefer?

The coastal redwood prefers shady, damp locations with a mild-climate, similar to that of its native habitat in the coastal regions of California.   It is sensitive to frost, intolerant to drought and doesn’t like heavy, peaty or dry soils.  

What does it look like up close?

It is difficult to get an accurate impression of a tree this tall close up.  The first thing that can be distinguished is the immense trunk, up to four metres in diameter, with soft, deeply furrowed, red-coloured bark, similar to that of the Sequiadendron giganteum.  

High up, around 60 metres from the ground, the trunk is topped with a conical-shaped crown and downward sweeping branches.  Sequoia sempervirens is an evergreen with dense foliage and it’s leaves are similar in shape and length to those of the Yew.

A fascinating feature of these trees, that has only recently been discovered, is that high up in the canopy a complex forest ecosystem made up of different plant species, lichens, insects, lizards and small mammals can be found.     

Any distinctive features?
The coastal redwoods most distinctive feature is its height.  On average this impressive specimen can grow up to 100 metres tall and has a relatively slender silhouette for its size.

The tallest specimen currently on record is fondly known as ‘Hyperion’ which stands at an eye-watering 115 metres tall.  This is 19 metres taller than Big Ben.  

The tree is aptly named after one of the Titans in Greek Mythology, Hyperion, who represented light and wisdom and was considered to be one of the four pillars that held the heavens and the earth apart.  It is thought that this iconic coastal redwood may grow even taller as it is young for a Sequoia sempervirens which can live up to 2,500-years-old.

Our recommendations

Deric Newman, sales manager at Civic Trees, says: “If you want to recreate a scene from Jurassic Park then this is the tree for you!  In North America, during the Cretaceous period, these spectacular redwood forests would have been found all over the region and they still retain their air of pre-historic mystery today.  

“Joking aside, this magnificent tree is a fantastic solution for broadscale screening in a large space.  Because it’s an evergreen it can provide a year round, solid wall of green.  Add a section of ornamental deciduous trees in front of the screen and you can create a wonderful backdrop filled with rich contrast and seasonal interest.   

“It’s worth bearing in mind that Sequoia sempervirens is quite sensitive to winter frost, particularly when young, but it thrives in England due to our naturally wet climate.  It’s a fast growing species, but we would still recommend planting a semi-mature specimen for instant impact on your site.”  

To find out more about the tree of the month and if it will work well in your project contact our team: 0208 950 4491 or info@civictrees.co.uk.

Did you like this article?  Why not try our Tree of the Month for Februrary?


Relocating a tree with a Tree Preservation Order

Tree relocation projects are both large-scale and resource-hungry, and as a result it is vital every avenue is thoroughly examined to determine the potential for success.

Chris Mills, general manager at Glendale Civic Trees says, one of the key things to check before embarking on a tree move is whether the tree can legally be transplanted.  

He said: “Many trees fall within designated conservation areas, and some are specifically protected with a Tree Preservation Order (TPO), so it’s important to check that you have permission to relocate the tree before you start.   

“A TPO is a written order made by the local planning authority which makes it an offence to carry out any work on a protected tree without the authority’s permission, except under very specific circumstances.  A TPO can cover a single specimen or all of the trees within a specified area like a woodland or copse.   

“TPOs were introduced in order to protect our treescape in urban and peri-urban areas, such as parks.  They generally apply to trees that have what is known as high ‘amenity’ value.  These are trees that the community see as a significant part of the local landscape and are usually found in places where they are visible or accessible to the public.

“A tree move isn’t impossible when there is a TPO in place, but permission must be sought from the local planning authority before the project can go ahead and it might impose restrictions on what can be achieved.  

“I would recommend finding out as soon as possible if your tree is protected with a TPO by contacting the tree officer at your local council.  An official search of the local land charges register can also reveal any orders that are in place, or if the trees on your property are located in a conservation area.”  

The local planning authority requires an Application for Tree Works to be submitted for any trees protected under a TPO, explains Chris: “this official document is available online through the government’s Planning Portal and requires you to specify what work is required and the reasons why the application is being made.  For example, the relocation of a tree that is under threat from a new development into temporary storage in order to preserve it.   

“I’d recommend consulting a tree specialist to clarify what work is needed and to get some support when filling out the form because the local planning authority require a lot of detailed evidence.  It’s also advisable to discuss the proposal on an informal basis with the local planning authority before completing the form as they may be able to give you some guidance.”  

Chris adds that trees that the local planning authority still require written notice of any proposed work to trees that fall within a conservation area six weeks prior to any work commencing, even if they are not protected by a TPO.  

Chris continues: “Once the application is submitted the local planning authority will arrange to undertake a site visit as part of the decision making process.  Consent, if it is given, is valid for two years and will be confirmed in writing.  They wil also confirmed in writing if full consent has been given or part consent with restrictions on what work can be completed.

“If your application has been successful and you are ready to start planning your tree relocation project I’d recommend our article by operations manager Marc Greenaway ‘Preparing to relocate a tree?’ for guidance.”

For a free consultation about your tree moving project contact a member of our team.

For more information about TPOs visit the government website here.